Large effectiveness: 1.26
What is Exposure and Response Prevention?
- Individuals confront their fears and discontinue their escape response.
2. With a therapist, the client comes up with a hierarchy of the phobia.
Example: a picture of a plane, followed by being in a car to the airport, followed by being in the airport, etc.
3. Client and therapist approach each fear on the hierarchy while not doing the ritualistic behaviors common to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, for example.
4. Physiological and psychological distress gradually decreases with exposure to the feared event.
1.69 large effect: reduced OCD symptoms in children (Lewin, Park, Jones, Crawford, De Nadai, Menzel, & … Storch, 2014)
0.82 large effect: decreased OCD symptoms (Herbst, Voderholzer, Thiel, Schaub, Knaevelsrud, Stracke, & … Kulz, 2014)
Herbst, N., Voderholzer, U., Thiel, N., Schaub, R., Knaevelsrud, C., Stracke, S., & … Kulz, A. K. (2014). No talking, just writing! Efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy with exposure and response prevention in obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychotherapy And Psychosomatics, 83(3), 165-175. doi:10.1159/000357570
Lewin, A. B., Park, J. M., Jones, A. M., Crawford, E. A., De Nadai, A. S., Menzel, J., & … Storch, E. A. (2014). Family-based exposure and response prevention therapy for preschool-aged children with obsessive-compulsive disorder: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research And Therapy, 5630-38. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2014.02.001