Music Therapy: Small to Moderate Effectiveness

Small to moderate effectiveness: 0.49

What is Music Therapy?

Uses both music experiences such as free improvisation, song, dance, listening, andaj-garcia-230651-unsplash discussion of music to achieve treatment goals.

 

Evidence:

0.55 moderate effect: promoted offender self-esteem (Chen, Leith, Aarø, Manger, & Gold, 2016)

0.66 moderate effect: reduced disruptive behaviors in dementia patients (Chang, Chu, Yang, Tsai, Chung, Liao & … Chou, 2015)

0.51 moderate effect: reduced anxiety in dementia patients (Chang, Chu, Yang, Tsai, Chung, Liao & … Chou, 2015)

0.39 moderate effect: reduced depressive mood in dementia patients (Chang, Chu, Yang, Tsai, Chung, Liao & … Chou, 2015)

0.19 no effect: no effect on cognitive functioning in dementia patients (Chang, Chu, Yang, Tsai, Chung, Liao & … Chou, 2015)

0.61 moderate effect: positive effect in children and adolescents with psychopathology (Gold, Voracek, & Wigram, 2004)

 


 

Chang, Y., Chu, H., Yang, C., Tsai, J., Chung, M., Liao, Y., & … Chou, K. (2015). The efficacy of music therapy for people with dementia: A meta‐analysis of randomised controlled trials. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 24(23-24), 3425-3440. doi:10.1111/jocn.12976

Chen, X. J., Leith, H., Aarø, L. E., Manger, T., & Gold, C. (2016). Music therapy for improving mental health problems of offenders in correctional settings: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal Of Experimental Criminology, 12(2), 209-228. doi:10.1007/s11292-015-9250-y

Gold, C., Voracek, M., & Wigram, T. (2004). Effects of music therapy for children and adolescents with psychopathology: A meta-analysis. Journal Of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(6), 1054-1063. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.t01-1-00298.x

 

 

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