Parent Management Training: Moderate Effectiveness

Moderate effectiveness: 0.51

What is Parent Management Training?

1. Teaches positive reinforcementandre-hunter-350301-unsplash

2. Used for reducing aggression, hyperactivity, temper tantrums, and difficulty following directions in children pre-school to school-age

3. Short-term, a few months

4. Removes attention from negative, inappropriate behaviors

5. Negative parenting practices and negative child behavior contribute to one another in a “coercive cycle”, in which one person begins by using a negative behavior to control the other person’s behavior.

6. That person in turn responds with a negative behavior, and the negative exchange escalates until one person’s negative behavior “wins” the battle.



0.39 small effect: reduced disruptive behaviors in children with developmental disability (Skotarczak & Lee, 2015)

0.42 small to moderate effect: reduced intensity of conduct disorder problems in children (Enebrink, Högström, Forster, & Ghaderi, 2012)

0.72 small to moderate effect: reduced frequency of conduct disorder problems in children (Enebrink, Högström, Forster, & Ghaderi, 2012)



Enebrink, P., Högström, J., Forster, M., & Ghaderi, A. (2012). Internet-based parent management training: A randomized controlled study. Behaviour Research And Therapy, 50(4), 240-249. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2012.01.006

Skotarczak, L., & Lee, G. K. (2015). Effects of parent management training programs on disruptive behavior for children with a developmental disability: A meta-analysis. Research In Developmental Disabilities, 38272-287. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2014.12.004

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