Not enough research.
What are Twelve-step Programs?
1. Admitting that one cannot control one’s alcoholism, addiction or compulsion
2. Recognizing a higher power that can give strength
3. Examining past errors with the help of a sponsor (experienced member)
4. Making amends for these errors
5. Learning to live a new life with a new code of behavior
6. Helping others who suffer from the same alcoholism, addictions or compulsions.